Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites that belong to the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by the bite of certain species of sand fly (subfamily Phlebotominae).
Protozoan parasites can cause a wide range of different diseases. Some of the most commonly known include malaria, which is caused by a parasite from the Plasmodium genus, and amoebic dysentery, which is an intestinal inflammation caused by the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica.
The protozoan parasites are generally host specific and in this regard two trends are seen. Firstly, some of the parasites like Trypanosome, Entamoeba and Eimeria successfully parasitize wide range of hosts. Secondly, some parasites like Plasmodium restrict themselves only to few specific hosts.Protozoan parasites such as Trichodinacan be present in low numbers and not cause dis- ease; the experience of the diag- nostician in weighing the overall parasite load in combination with other pathogenic and environmen- tal factors is important in deter- mining whether or not a particular protozoan is causing a disease condition.Summary Protozoan diseases include amoebic dysentery, giardiasis, balantidiasis, cryptosporidiosis African sleeping sickness, acanthamoebiasis, toxoplasmosis, and genitourinary trichomoniasis. Many of the same factors that enable bacteria to colonize a host also enable protozoans to colonize a host.
The Parasites. Chapter Summary and Essay Questions. The protozoa are eukaryotic unicellular microorganisms while the multicellular parasites probably cause more sickness and death than any other group of “microorganisms” discussed in detail in Chapter 18.Read More
Protozoan parasites, including Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium parvum, Entamoeba histolytica, and Giardia intestinalis, are single-celled, eukaryotic organisms that have an obligate mammalian host (Pierce and Kirkpatrick, 2009).Read More
Endoparasites rely on a third organism, known as the vector, or carrier. The vector transmits the endoparasite to the host. The mosquito is a vector for many parasites, including the protozoan.Read More
Glycolysis is essential to Trypanosoma brucei (Tb), the protozoan parasite that causes African sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in livestock, and to Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc), that causes Chagas ' Disease. Hexokinase (HK), the first enzyme in the glycolytic cycle, is a potential and valid target for antitrypanosomal chemotherapy.Read More
Protozoa living in the blood or tissue can be transmitted through a third source such as a mosquito. Infections are easily transmitted and persons carrying this parasite should avoid interactions with others, especially those with compromised and weakened immune systems. There are four main groups of protozoa that cause infection in humans.Read More
Protozoa Protozoa are microscopic, one-celled organisms that can be free-living or parasitic in nature. They are able to multiply in humans, which contributes to their survival and also permits serious infections to develop from just a single organism.Read More
A parasite is an organism that lives on or in another organism and gets its food and shelter at the expense of its host. More common than we think, parasites invade humans and animals and manifest in disease, some of which may cause substantial damage to the intestinal tract.Read More
Infective organisms have been categorized as either micro-parasites, which are multiplicative, i.e. they multiply directly within the host (all the microbes, plus protozoa) or macro-parasites, which are cumulative, i.e. they generally cannot multiply in the host; their numbers depend on how many infective eggs or larvae are taken on board. Ectoparasites do not happily fit into this.Read More
Protozoa is a single cell animal that we can find in every possible habitat on earth. Furthermore, the scientist has described more than 50 thousand species of Protozoa. Moreover, they are herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores. Learn more about it.Read More
Protozoan infections are treated with medications that kill the single-celled parasites responsible for the condition and stop them from multiplying. These medications may be used alone or in combination with others. In some cases, surgery is also required to remove growths or repair damage caused by the parasites.Read More